Support for labour market flexibility has been growing internationally and in Australia for several decades, leading to a more fluid set of working times. Employment and working times are recognised as a determinant of worker health, and while the effects of employment can be positive or negative for health, the distinguishing factor is the quality of the job characteristics, such as hours, income, flexibility, and degree of control. We review evidence regarding the influence of flexible work time on health behaviour and outcomes as relevant to Australia and New Zealand. The quality of evidence is generally of a high standard. While a clear cut answer regarding the positive or negative influence of working time flexibility is not apparent, current research indicates that flexibility policies may have detrimental effects on health through their impact on specific health behaviours.
A systematic evidence review published by ANZSOG's open access peer-reviewed journal Evidence Base.
Malbon, E. and Carey, G. (2017). Implications of work time flexibility for health promoting behaviours. Evidence Base, 2017(4): 1-17, doi 10.21307/eb-2017-004.