Prepared for ANZSOG by the Australian Institute of Health and Welfare
In July 2020, the AIHW released the findings from the National Drug Strategy Household Survey 2019. The survey collected information from more than 22,000 Australians aged 14 and over. The findings highlighted disparities in alcohol, tobacco and other drug use between:
Alcohol and drug use
One possible reason is that in 2001, drinking in excess of the Australian alcohol guidelines and use of illicit drugs was highest among people in their 20s. By 2019, these people were in their 40s. For some, the substance use of their youth may have continued.
Due to the relatively small number of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people surveyed, the results must be interpreted with caution, particularly those for illicit drug use.
After adjusting for differences in age and compared to Australians who identify as heterosexual, people who identified as gay, lesbian or bisexual were:
The 2019 survey did not capture information on Australians who identify as transgender or intersex. The AIHW will look to include all LGBTIQ+ people in future research.
For more information, visit the National Drug Strategy Household Survey web page.